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DBMS Vs RDBMS - Explained Differences

DBMS Vs RDBMS - Explained Differences

Ankit Dixit's photo
Ankit Dixit
·Apr 11, 2022·

8 min read

In today's modern age, where we are flooded with data, we can find that managing or storing data tends to be very arduous. Most people are unable to deal with data, and some even hire people to manage their critical data. This may consume a big chunk of your time if you do it individually.

This is when apt data management tools like DBMS (Database Management System) and RDBMS (Relational Database Management System) step in to ease data management. But both of them have their own pros and cons, which we will discuss in today's blog. In this blog, we will make you understand the DBMS and RDBMS along with the key factors that distinguish them. Understanding these distinctions will definitely help you choose the right data management tool to manage your personal or business data.

DBMS (Database Management System)

Database Management System (DBMS) is a term that refers to a system that manages data. This is a type of software that is specifically designed to save, generate, or maintain databases. DBMS software stores data in the form of files.

In addition to this, there are four types of DBMS which are the Hierarchical model, Network model, Object-oriented model and Relational model. Many people require the recovery of sensitive data as most of the time, they don't back it up manually. As a result, they won't need to be backed up any longer if they use DBMS. Because it will recover and backup your data automatically.

Besides that, we all know how important data is when it comes to the business domain. So the security as well as the privacy of data are of paramount importance. Hence, database professionals are able to ensure the security of primary data by using reliable systems like the DBMS. Here it only has one user who can use it or modify it.

Using DBMS, business users can also take advantage of information that is consistent across databases. Also, instant access to data gives management the information they require urgently. Lastly, if you're facing trouble while organising the data then you should definitely use Database Management System.

Benefits of Using DBMS

Minimal Data Inconsistency

Data inconsistency gets reduced when multiple versions of similar data appear in different places in different files. For instance, data inconsistency takes place when an employee's name is saved as "Robert Abraham" on a company's principal desktop, but the same employee's name is saved as "Daniel J. Abraham '' on a specific department's computer. Data inconsistency could be substantially reduced if a database is built properly.

Better Data Security

As the users grow, the pace at which data is shared or transferred also grows, elevating the peril of data security. It is often used in the business environment, where businesses commit a considerable amount of time, money, and effort to streamlining data security and appropriate use. A Database Management System (DBMS) assists businesses augment data security by offering a better platform for security regulations and data privacy.

Enhanced decision-making

Thanks to DBMS, we now have better-managed data and smart data access, allowing us to generate higher-quality data and, as a result, make better decisions. Even though a database management system (DBMS) does not directly impact data quality, it does offer a structure for enhancing data quality.

Hence, the DBMS is a proven tool to store, manage and leverage data. But nowadays as the use of databases increases then the need to manage all this data in a structured form also increases. Here a system like the Relational Database Management System was necessary.

Consider RDBMS to be the more sophisticated version of BDMS. While the data is organised in rows or columns, we may use this to manage our databases in a specific section. As a result of this, RDBMS has grown in popularity as a remarkable innovation. The following part explicitly covers all of the important facts about RDBMS.

RDBMS (Relational Database Management System)

RDBMS or Relational Database Management System. In the RDBMS the data is organised in a table format i.e., it is arranged in rows and columns. With the increasing use of databases, the use of RDBMS is also rapidly increasing. The table in RDBMS is the main component where we systematically store most data.

It can also be described as a programme that allows us to create, delete, and update relational databases. It's a more complex type of Database Management System (DBMS). RDBMS was designed by E.F Codd in the 1970s. It was primarily created to make processes faster and more efficient.

RDBMS can also support multiple users, which is quite intuitive. Furthermore, better technologies are available to help you manage your resources accurately. It can also hold a big amount of data in a file, but it is quite expensive because it requires a thorough settlement. Further, maintenance charges might also arrive if any defect is found in it.

In RDBMS, tables are used to hold data in a relational database management system. And we all know that rows and columns make up a table. While a single row is known as a record or horizontal entity. Further, a vertical object is referred to as a field. So all the relevant data is included in the rows and columns.

Benefits of using RDBMS

Data Structure

Users can quickly understand RDBMS data because it is stored in a table format. Data is categorized in a cohesive manner, and queries are used to match entries.

Simplicity

The RDBMS is simple to operate. It enables database administrators to easily maintain, control, and change data in the database. Data backup becomes simple using RDBMS. RBDMS' automation tools automate these activities.

Flexibility

This RDBMS feature saves a lot of time because it only requires changing data in one location. Consider the following scenario: you have student records and need to update every student's profile. In such a scenario, you just need to change that specific detail in the main table rather than in every file, and the database will automatically update that information in each file.

Tables are used to manage all the data in relational database management systems. All records are stored in the table in the form of rows and columns, allowing for convenient data administration. It has a virtual table creation functionality for storing sensitive data. A unique key is used to recognise each row in the RDBMS. A foreign key is used to connect a column to two or more tables. An index generation functionality is offered to retrieve data quickly. RDBMS provides multi-user access, allowing multiple people to manage the system.

Understanding the Major Distinctions Between DBMS and RDBMS

Storage Forms: A database management system (DBMS) is a software program that allows you to create, save, manage, update, and retrieve data from databases. RDBMS program enables the building and management of tabular databases for efficient data retrieval, updating, and storage.

Storage Capacities: A database management system (DBMS) is incapable of storing vast amounts of data. On the other hand, users can store a vast amount of data in RBMS.

User Capabilities: Only a single user can access and use the Database Management System. But multiple users can access and use the databases using a Relational Database Management System.

Database Distribution: A database that can be kept in multiple locations is known as a distributed database. Databases that are distributed are not supported by DBMS. Whereas, distributed databases are supported by RDBMS.

Normalisation: The process of normalisation is basically organising the data in the database. Normalisation is not supported by DBMS. However, RDBMS supports normalisation.

Data Relations: In the DBMS, the relations amongst the data stored are missing. But in RDBMS, data is categorised and hence there are relations amongst the data that is stored in tables.

Data Security: DBMS is more vulnerable to data theft and access by unauthorised users as it lacks any data security measures. RDBMS has robust security measures and is definitely more secure than the classic DBMS.

Storage Requirements: A database management system (DBMS) requires only the minimum necessary hardware and software components. RDBMS has higher hardware and software requirements than the traditional DBMS.

Redundancy of data: The DBMS version has the issue of data redundancy (repetition of data). But this issue doesn't not arise in the case of RDBMS, hence saving time and resources.

ACID Properties: ACID properties are required to maintain data consistency with ACID, but the DBMS does not support them. They are supported by RDBMS to ensure that there are no data discrepancies.

On the grounds of these differences, it's evident that RDBMS is far superior to DBMS in terms of features. A Relational Database Management System meets people's needs and generates accurate data as opposed to conventional Database Management System.

Wrapping it Up

After a comprehensive discussion, we hope that you've understood the differences between DBMS and RDBMS. Although they are both employed to store data in databases, they have some chief differences. As DBMS was the original version of database management software, it lacks tools and functionalities necessary for data integrity, data security, multiple-user access, and agile data updating and retrieval. RDBMS are more efficient and faster, with qualities that ensure data consistency and redundancy. So as far as the features are concerned, RDBMS emerges as the better alternative. But it does not mean that DBMS does not have its own significance. Share this blog with someone who needs to understand and acknowledge the several key distinctions between the two database management systems.