How to Build an E-commerce Website using Gatsby and Cosmic JS
This tutorial will show you how to build an e-commerce app using Gatsby and Cosmic JS. This app will give you a basic idea of how we can integrate an e-commerce app with Cosmic JS to store our data. In this app example, all order data will be stored in the Cosmic JS database and its speed will charm you. Let's get started.
Introduction to the App
Node.js must be installed on your system, it is required to run npm commands. Choose its latest version and install it on your system.
After node.js, install Gatsby CLI on your system globally. You can find it here: Gatsby CLI
Let’s Get Started
We assumed that you have installed the above software and CLI. Now run the following command to create a new Gatsby app:
gatsby new Gatsby-Ecommerce
After executing this command successfully, it is ensured that you have created a new Gatsby app with the name "Gatsby-Ecommerce". Now to start this, execute the following command from the terminal:
It will run your app and opens the port: http://localhost:8000/
Configuration with Cosmic JS
Cosmic JS is two in one service provider that means it gives the facility of database and server as well. So you need to signup for Cosmic JS first and create a new bucket with any name you want, here we created the bucket with the name Gatsby Ecommerce. Now it is time to create an object type, which means to the data management. Create object type named orders, All orders will be stored in this object. Now we have to do some basic setting, for this goto basic setting in your dashboard. Have a look at the below screenshot:
Here you can see the read/write keys fields and other IDs. Click on generate read and write keys and save on any text file along with bucket ID and slug.
Now open your Gatsby project in any IDE, here I'm using Visual Basic Code. Now create a folder named config in root od the project and create a new file with name config.js inside the config folder and save the above IDs and keys in the following format:
It is important for you to manage your project properly, so have a look at the screenshot of the folder structure of the project:
You can also use an inbuilt bucket. For this, you have to import that inbuilt bucket in your Cosmic JS account. Here we are providing our bucket for you. You just need to follow these steps:
- Go to our Git repo and download the bucket.json file
- Now go to your Cosmic JS dashboard and click on basic settings
- Click on Import/Export and click on Add import file, and import the bucket.json file
Now everything is ready, we can move to implement our app now
Now we are going to build our app, and the main page is the home page. On this page, we will show the items for shopping. We will add a few items as this app will only show you the compatibility of Gatsby e-commerce app with Cosmic JS. Location of the home component is src/components/home.js
Check the code of the home component, then we will explain it.
This component is stateful, not a stateless component as most of the Gatsby components usually are.
In this component, we have shown three products which all are iPhones. Main this is that images of these iPhones are kept in a folder and called through a different component. At line number 91, 94, and 97 you can check how these are imported to home.
Here we used the bootstrap modal to show the specifications of the products. Let us explain the working of the main methods.
addToCart(): This is an event-driven method and pushes the product to an array when the user clicks on the add to cart.
handleiPhone8Close() and handleiPhone8Show(): These are the handlers for bootstrap modals which are used to show the specifications of products.
The iPhone folder has three components named iphone8.js, iphonex.js, and iphonexs.js. These components only used to add images to other components. We used these components in home page. Actually, these components use for this purpose which makes the images loading very fast on websites. Check the code of one image component: components/iPhones/iphone8.js
When the user added products to the cart and click the Show Cart button, then flow of the app goes to another page cart.js. Let's check the code of this page: src/pages/cart.js
Let us explain each method of cart.js:
getProducts(): In this method, we are getting the products which are stored in the cart. For cart, we temporary stores the products in local storage. That means this method is getting the products from local storage.
checkingCart(): This method is checking that which product is added to the cart that means this method is filtering the products and calculating the price.
onSubmit(): This is an event-driven method, which collecting the details of the order along with user billing details and passing to the method placeOrder() in the cosmicService.
This is the only service in this app which hits the Cosmic JS API and stores the data to Cosmic JS database. Check the code: src/services/cosmicService.js
There is only one method in this service named placeOrder() which accepts the seven arguments. It hits the post request to the Cosmic JS server to save the data. Here we are providing write access key for taking the permission of writing on the Cosmic JS database. This is an example of storing information in Cosmic JS; however, it's never advised to store credit card data in Cosmic JS.
What Functionality We Have Implemented?
Till now we have implemented the complete functionality on the development server. That means we can use the complete functionality of the app in development mode. Because it is a Gatsby app created with npm CLI, so it is deployable on any server which allows deployment from node.js app. Here we deployed our app on Heroku server.
We created this app with Gatsby CLI and used React.js also to make some components stateful. After using this app, you will understand the power of Cosmic JS because of its blazing speed.
With the help of Cosmic JS we can create powerful apps and can use the Cosmic JS database for fast data processing. Here we created and configured a Gatsby.js app with Cosmic JS without any difficulty. You don't need to install any extra efforts to configure and use Cosmic JS APIs.
For any query or comment related to building apps in Cosmic JS, reach out to us on Twitter and join the conversation on Slack.